Intellectual Property and Technology Licensing

Lambda's Patented Technologies

U.S. patents issued to Lambda Technologies

Date of PatentPatent NumberPatent Title

Patented Technologies

Lambda's Patented Technologies

Lambda holds a series of both U.S. and foreign patents pertaining to burnishing and surface enhancement techniques and has additional patents pending in both the U.S. and abroad.

December 10, 2013
No. 8,601,659
Burnishing Tool and Method for Burnishing
August 20, 2013
No. 8,511,130
Method for Preventing and Arresting Crack Development 
and Propagation
February 19, 2013  
No. 8,375,805
Method and Apparatus for Sensing Distortion
November 13, 2012
No. 8,307,681
Integrally Rotating Turbo Machinery and Method and Apparatus for Achieving the Same
October 11, 2011
No. 8,033,152
Metallic Article with Improved Fatigue Performance and Corrosion Resistance
October 5, 2010No. 7,805,972
Integrally Bladed Rotating Turbo Machinery and Method and Apparatus for Achieving the Same
July 27, 2010No. 7,762,113Metallic Article with Improved Fatigue Performance and Corrosion Resistance and Method for Making the Same
October 13, 2009  
No. 7,600,404
Surface Treatment Apparatus and Method
June 23, 2009No. 7,549,345
Method and Apparatus for Sensing Distortion
May 15, 2007No. 7,219,044
Method and System for Improving a Part's Resistance to Stress Induced Failure.
March 13, 2007No. 7,188,398
Method for Improving the Magnitude of Compressive Stress Developed in the Surface of a Part.
January 9, 2007No. 7,159,425
Method and Apparatus for Providing a Layer of Compressive Residual Stress in the Surface of a Part.
August 9, 2005No. 6,926,970
Apparatus and Method for Forming Weld Joints having Compressive Residual Stress Patterns.
September 23, 2003No. 6,622,570
Method for Reducing Tensile Stress Zones in the Surface of a Part.
July 9, 2002No. 6,415,486
Method and Apparatus for Providing a Residual Stress Distribution in the Surface of a Part.
October 27, 1998No. 5,826,453Burnishing Method and Apparatus for Providing a Layer of Compressive Residual Stress in the Surface of a Workpiece.
April 7, 1998No. 5,737,385Automated System for Use in the Determination of Subsurface Material Properties by X-Ray Diffraction.

 

 

Burnishing Tool and Method for Burnishing

Patent No. 8,601,659
December 10, 2013 

A burnishing tool and method for providing a surface treatmentalong the surface of a work piece, the burnishing toolhaving a tool head comprising a bearing for supporting arolling element and an encasement for supporting the bearing.The bearing is formed from a self-lubricating polymer suchas, but not limited to, polytetrafluoroethylene based resin,ultra-high-molecular-weight polyethylene based resin. 


Method for Preventing and Arresting Crack Development and Propagation

Patent No. 8,511,130
August 20, 2013 

A method of inducing compressive residual stress of blading members integrally formed with a rotor. The method includes using a caliper-type burnishing tool such that the caliper arms of the tool are contoured and oriented for placing the burnishing elements on opposite sides of the blading member to be treated. The blading member is burnished to introduce a pre-determined pattern of residual compressive stresses in a selected area of the blade. 


Method and Apparatus for Sensing Distortion

Patent No. 8,375,805
February 19, 2013

A work holder capable of measuring the amount of distortion occuring in a part as the part is machined, processed, treated, or otherwise operated upon and methods of using the same for quality control and process monitoring purposes. Indirect measurement of the distortion occuring in the part eliminates the need to individiaully strain gauge each part.

 

Integrally Rotating Turbo Machinery and Method and Apparatus for Achieving the Same

Patent No. 8,307,681
November 13, 2012
A method of inducing compressive residual stress of blading members integrally formed with a rotor. The method includes using a caliper-type burnishing tool such that the caliper arms of the tool are contoured and oriented for placing the burnishing elements on opposite sides of the blading member to be treated. The blading member is burnished to introduce a pre-determined pattern of residual compressive stresses in a selected area of the blade.

 

Metallic Article with Improved Fatigue Performance and Corrosion Resistance

Patent No. 8,033,152
October 11, 2011
A metallic article with improved fatigue performance and resistance to corrosive attack and stress corrosion cracking is produced by treating a first area of a metallic article with a first surface treatment that induces a specified amount of cold work. A second, sacrificial area of the metallic article in electrical communication with teh first area is treated with a second surface treatment that induces an amount of cold work higher than that of the first surface treatment. Due to the differences in cold work resulting from the different surface treatments, the second area of the metallic article is less noble than the first area and is therefore more susceptible to corrosive attack. AS a result, the second sacrificial area will preferentially corrode leaving the first area protected from corrosive attack. Compressive residual stresses induced in the surface of the metallic article through the surface treatments improve the fatigue performance and resistance to stress corrosion cracking.



 

Integrally Bladed Rotating Turbo Machinery and Method and Apparatus for Achieving the Same

Patent No. 7,805,972
October 5, 2010
A method and an apparatus for performing the method of inducing compressive residual stress in blading members integrally formed with a rotor. The method includes using a caliper-type burnishing tool such that the caliper arms of the tool are countoured and oriented for placing the burnishing elements on opposite sides of the blading member to be treated. The blading member is burnished to introduce a pre-determined patern of residual compressive stresses in a selected area of the blade.


Metallic Article with Improved Fatigue Performance and Corrosion Resistance and Method for Making the Same

Patent No. 7,762,113
July 27, 2010
 A metallic article with improved fatigue performance and resistance to corrosive attack and stress corrosion cracking is produced by treating the first area of a metallic article with a first surface treatement that induces a specific amount of cold work. A second, sacrificial area of the metallic article in electrical communication with the first area is treated with a second surface treatment that induces an amount of cold work higher than that of the first surface treatment. Due to the differences in cold work resulting from the different surface treatments, the second area of the metallic article is less noble than the first area and is therefore more susceptible to corrosive attack. As a result, the second sacrificial area will preferentially corrode leaving the first area protected from corrosive attack. Compressive residual stresses induced in the surface of the metallic article through the surface treatments improve the fatigue performance and resistance to stress corrosion cracking.



 

Surface Treatment Apparatus and Method

Patent No. 7,600,404
October 13, 2009
The present invention relates to a surface treatment apparatus and method for inducing compressive residual stress in the surface of a workpiece with dimensional variations. The method comprises the acts of measuring the dimensions of the workpiece during a surface treatment operation and adjusting the surface treatment process parameters to account for the measured dimensions. In one embodiment, the apparatus comprises two surface treatment elements oriented in opposition to one another in a caliper configuration. The surface treatment elements are positioned and impinged against the surface of a workpiece by an actuator controlled by a  computer control unit. The depth to which the surface treatment elements are impinged is precisely controlled to achieve the desired magnitude and depth of compressive residual stress. A sensor operatively connected to the apparatus senses and relays the dimensions of the workpieces to a computer control unit that adjusts the operating parameters accordingly.


Method and Apparatus for Sensing Distortion

Patent No. 7,549,345
June 23, 2009
A work holder capable of measuring the amount of distortion occuring in a part as the part is machined, processed, treated, or otherwise operated upon and methods of using the same for quality control and process monitoring purposes. Indirect measurement of the distortion occurring in the part eliminates the need to individually strain gauge each part.


 

Method and System for Improving a Part's Resistance to Stress Induced Failure.

Patent No. 7,219,044
May 15, 2007
A method and system for designing a part with improved fatigue life and resistance to stress corrosion cracking in which residual stresses exisiting in the part are accounted for. The performance criteria and operating conditions of the part are assessed and a total stress state is determined from the sum of the residual stresses and applied stresses acting on the part. Unified Fatigue Performance Model or Smith-Topper-Neuber parameters are used to determine fatigue life functions which, in turn, are used in conjunction with a fatigue design diagram to determine the appropriate residual stress to introduce in order to optimize the part's resistance to stress induced failure mechanisms. A residual stress distribution is then designed to avoid distortion of the part while still imparting the beneficial effects of compressive residual stress.

 

Method for Improving the Magnitude of Compressive Stress Developed in the Surface of a Part.

Patent No. 7,188,398
March 13, 2007
This invention relates to a method and an apparatus for performing the method of inducing compressive residual stress along the surface of a part. In the preferred embodiment of the invention, the method includes burnishing or deep rolling a surface using a first and a second roller or ball burnishing members, whereby the first and second burnishing members may have a different diameter and/or modulus of elasticity. In another preferred embodiment of the invention, the burnishing operations may be performed while the surface of the part is at different temperatures.



 

Method and Apparatus for Providing a Layer of Compressive Residual Stress in the Surface of a Part.

Patent No. 7,159,425
January 9, 2007
The shot peening method and apparatus of the present invention utilizes control of the shot peening coverage to provide higher surface compression and comparable depth of compression to conventional 100% coverage peening but with reduced cold working providing improved thermal stability and reduction in shot peening time and cost. A preferred embodiment of this invention employs x-ray diffraction residual stress and percent cold work determinated by line broadening to establish the optimal degree of coverage for a given material and shot peening intensity.

 

Apparatus and Method for Forming Weld Joints having Compressive Residual Stress Patterns.

Patent No. 6,926,970
August 9, 2005
The welding apparatus and associated method are provided. The welding apparatus includes a welding tool for forming a weld joint along the surface of at least one workpiece. The welding apparatus also includes a compression tool for selectively inducing a layer of residual compressive stress in at least a portion of the surface of the weld joint and the surface of the at least one workpiece to thereby improve the material properties of the workpiece, including corrosion resistance and fatigue strength.


 

Method for Reducing Tensile Stress Zones in the Surface of a Part.

Patent No. 6,622,570
September 23, 2003
 The present invention is a novel method for reducing tensile zones in the surface of a part comprising the steps of selecting a region of the part to be treated and programming a control unit of a burnishing apparatus to perform a burnishing operation, the burnishing operation being performed such that the density of burnishing and the magnitude of compression are varied to reduce the high tensile stress along the boundaries of the selected region. In a preferred embodiment of the invention the burnishing operation induces a deep layer of compression within the surface having associated cold working of less than about 5.0 percent.

 

Method and Apparatus for Providing a Residual Stress Distribution in the Surface of a Part.

Patent No. 6,415,486
July 9, 2002
The present invention is a novel method and an apparatus for implementing the method of inducing a layer of compressive residual stress along the surface of a part comprising the steps of selecting a region of the part to be treated; selecting the magnitude of compression and the residual stress distribution to be induced in the surface of the selected region of the part; exerting pressure against the surface of the selected region, the pressure being applied in a selected pattern along the surface to form zones of deformation having a deep layer of compressive stress; and varying the pressure being exerted against the surface to produce the desired residual stress distribution and magnitude of compression within the surface.

 

Burnishing Method and Apparatus for Providing a Layer of Compressive Residual Stress in the Surface of a Workpiece.

Patent No. 5,826,453
October 27, 1998
The burnishing method and apparatus for implementing the method of the present invention utilizes a single-point burnishing process to provide deep compression with a minimal amount of cold working and surface hardening. In particular, the area to be burnished along the surface of a workpiece is defined and a freely rotating burnishing ball is forced against the surface of the workpiece to produce a zone of deformation having a deep layer of compression within the surface. The burnishing ball is then rolled over the surface in a substantially nonoverlapping pattern. A preferred embodiment of the burnishing apparatus for implementing the burnishing method comprises a socket having a tip member incorporating a ball seat, a burnishing ball disposed within the ball seat, a rod member integrally formed with the tip member; and a socket support for supporting the socket on a conventional tool holder. The socket is provided with means for directing lubrication fluid from a reservoir to the ball seat to permit the burnishing ball to freely rotate and for directing a predetermined amount of lubrication fluid to the surface of the workpiece.

Automated System for Use in the Determination of Subsurface Material Properties by X-Ray Diffraction.

Patent No. 5,737,385
April 7, 1998
The present invention is directed to an automated system for use in the determination of subsurface material properties of a specimen by X-ray diffraction, comprising a specimen support, a rotatable mounting and aligning fixture for mounting the specimen support onto the shaft of a motor driven positioning system, a chemical holding tank having a first half section having a chemical holding chamber for providing a chemical bath for removing surface material from the specimen and a second half section for providing a position for permitting X-ray diffraction measurement of the specimen, a chemical reservoir in fluid communication with the chemical holding chamber of chemical holding tank to provide a steady supply of chemical solution to the chemical holding chamber through a closed loop system, a neutralization tank for receiving contaminated rinse water from the chemical holding tank, and an electronic controller for controlling the cycling of the specimen between the chemical holding chamber and the position for receiving a beam of  X-rays from an X-ray source.

The information contained herein is only a partial description of the intellectual property covered by Lambda's U.S. patents and published/pending patent applications and should not be construed as a legal opinion. Please refer to the full text of the patents and published applications for a complete description.